• 27 SEP 17
    HPV – Human Papilloma Virus

    HPV – Human Papilloma Virus

    WHAT IS HPV?

    • HPV is the most commonly spread STD (sexually transmitted disease)
    • It is different from HSV (Herpes) and HIV
    • Many different types identified (>150)

     

    HOW IS HPV SPREAD?

    • You can get HPV by having oral, vaginal, or anal sex with someone who has the virus
    • It is most commonly spread during vaginal or anal sex
    • HPV can be passed even when an infected person has no signs or symptoms
    • Anyone who is sexually active can get HPV, even if you have had sex with only one person
    • You also can develop symptoms years after you have sex with someone who is infected making it hard to know when you first became infected

     

    DOES HPV CAUSE HEALTH PROBLEM?

    • Commonly HPV goes away on its own and does not cause any health problem
    • But when it does not go away it leads to genital warts and cancers

     

     

    DOES HPV CAUSE CANCER?

    • HPV can cause cervical cancer, vulva, vaginal, anal and penile
    • It can also lead to other cancer including oropharyngeal ( back of the throat and tonsil)
    • It takes years or decades before cancer develops
    • The HPV that causes genital warts are not the same as the HPV that can cause cancers

     

    HOW CAN I PREVENT MYSELF FROM GETTING HPV?

    1. Protection:

    • Use latex condom the right way to prevent transmission of all kind of STDs
    • But HPV can affect those areas not covered by condom
    • So you may still contract HPV

     

    2. Get vaccinated

    • It is safe and effective
    • It protects both males and females from getting HPV if given in the recommended age group

     

    3. Get screened for HPV /cervical cancer

    • Cervical cancer screening (PAP smear) is recommended for women in age group of 25-65 every 1 – 3 years
    • HPV screening – for high risk individuals.
    • Routine HPV screening is not recommended in Singapore

     

    4. Sexual contact

    • Be in a monogamous relationship – have sex only with someone who only has sex with you

     

    WHO SHOULD GET VACCINATED?

    • Ideally vaccinated before your first sexual contact for maximum benefits
    • In Singapore, the recommended age range for vaccination is9 – 26 years old for both males and females.
    • 3x doses of HPV vaccine are given over a period of 6 months.

     

    I’M PREGNANT. WILL HPV AFFECT MY PREGNANCY?

    • If you have HPV during pregnancy, you can potentially develop genital wart or abnormal cell changes on your cervix
    • You can continue routine cervical screening even during pregnancy

     

    IS THERE A TREATMENT FOR HPV?

    • There is no treatment for the virus itself
    • However there are treatment for the health problems caused by the virus

     

    Get yourself and your loved ones screened and vaccinated today.
    Call us at 6909 0527 or walk into our clinic to find out more from our friendly staff!

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